LaTeX, apacite and bibliographies

LaTeX LogoJust a LaTeX issue and solution, in case anyone else ever spends half an afternoon banging their heads against this particular brick wall.

I’m helping my wife use LaTeX for her dissertation and it was largely going well until I switched to using the apacite package so she could use APA-style referencing.

As soon as we did that the bibliography started appearing numbered in the contents, and as a section rather than a chapter. The numbering was easy to fix – just use:

\usepackage[unnumberedbib]{apacite}

instead of

\usepackage{apacite}

So far so easy, but it simply refused to go back as a chapter. I tried using the chapterbib package, redefining the makebibliography command, nothing worked.

Then, tucked away in a dark corner of the apacite documentation, I found this little nugget:

Moreover, apacite is con figured such that it takes a section as default if it is in the main matter (signi fied by \mainmatter) of the document. In the back matter (\backmatter) the bibliography is put in a chapter.

Ah, suddenly it’s all so simple. I changed the relevant section of the document from:

\clearpage
\addtocontents{toc}{\vspace{2em}}
\bibliographystyle{apacite}
\bibliography{References}

to:

\clearpage
\backmatter
\addtocontents{toc}{\vspace{2em}}
\bibliographystyle{apacite}
\bibliography{References}

and voil√†, it worked exactly as I wanted it. Maybe specifying \backmatter is so simple I’m going to seem thick for just mentioning this, but this is the first time it’s made a difference to any LaTeX project I’ve worked on.


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